Know about Hernia Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment


Know about Hernia Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Do you know what is a Hernia?

A hernia is a medical condition in the abdomen or groin area when there is a weak spot in the muscular wall. This condition in hernia causes the organ or tissue to protrude through the surrounding muscle or connective tissue opening, causing a localised bulge. Thus, it can create pain and discomfort for the person and requires timely medical attention.   

There are different types of hernia, and not all are life-threatening conditions. Yet, seeking medical help is the first thing to do to prevent complications. In several cases, surgery becomes necessary. 

Causes of Hernia

A hernia occurs due to a strain in weak muscles. In some cases, the condition may take some time to develop, whereas, in some, it can appear in a short period. The weakening of muscles can happen owing to several factors. Some of the causes and risk factors include:

  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Family medical history of a hernia
  • Chronic coughs like in case of smoking, or persistent sneezing
  • Conditions like obesity, diarrhoea, and constipation
  • Strenuous activities
  • Poor nutrition

Also, pregnancy is a risk factor that causes hernia in women as the growing belly causes increased pressure and weakening of stomach wall muscles, thus causing the hernia.

Symptoms of Hernia

A person may experience the following hernia symptoms: 

  • Pain in the affected area
  • Swelling beneath the skin of the abdomen or groin
  • Weakness or pressure in the abdomen
  • Gurgling, heartburn, and problem swallowing
  • Aching or burning sensation near the abdomen
  • Vomiting or nausea

Women are more likely to get a femoral hernia than men; it is a condition that occurs around the upper thigh. Sometimes it may be difficult for women with a hernia to diagnose the problem. Hence, one should be careful and look for tell-tale signs such as groin or pelvic pain. 

Hernia Diagnosis and Treatment

A physical examination will help in identifying a hernia. The bulge usually seem prominent and larger when the patient stands or experiences any strain. Medical, medical tests such as a CT scan, MRI scan, ultrasound, and endoscopy will sometimes be required. A doctor may recommend medication to help the patient get relief from the symptoms. The treatment of a hernia also includes a laparoscopic surgery or open procedure known as Herniorrhaphy when the condition becomes severe.

Ignoring a hernia or delaying its treatment is not a good idea, as the condition may worsen and lead to complications. Hence, knowing the early signs is the key to a healthier life.

How to Prevent Hernia?

Hernia prevention is possible through lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, maintaining an ideal body weight, eating healthy, and avoiding strenuous activities or lifting heavy objects. As discussed in this article, knowing the risk factors, will help you decide on the right precautionary measures. A hernia will not heal by itself, so getting proper medical care without delay is essential. If you notice any of the symptoms or face a risk, it is advisable to consult a doctor.  

Timely medical procedures are the need of the hour that will help you walk the road to recovery faster. Medical expenses can cause worry, so you should consider opting for a health insurance plan. For hernia treatment, there is a specific waiting period of 24 months. The policyholder will be eligible to get hernia insurance coverage in India after the completion of this period. When buying a policy, remember to read the policy documents.

Choose ‘Care,’ a comprehensive family health insurance offered by Care Health Insurance. The benefits you can avail of include the cashless treatment facility at over 8350+ network hospitals in India, annual health check-ups, no claim bonus, and more. Visit the official website for more details. 

>> Also Read: 6 Health Related Issues that Can Cause Your Right Abdominal Pain

Disclaimer: Underwriting of claims for Hernia is subject to policy terms and conditions.

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