Every year, October has been observed as a Breast Cancer Awareness Month(BCAM). Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women that is affecting them rigorously. But the good news is early diagnosis and treatments have improved the survival rates now. It leads to an idea of spreading more and more awareness about breast cancer in the mass. It helps in reducing the stigma through encouragement on diagnosis, education on symptoms and treatment of ailment. In 1985, October month was marked as BCAM. It was an annual international health campaign that started under the partnership between the American Cancer Society and Imperial Chemical Industries to educate women about breast cancer treatment. So, before getting into the details of BCAM, let's have a brief on Breast Cancer:
What is Breast Cancer?
Breast cancer is the type of cancer that forms in the breast cells and grows out of control. It can spread to different parts of the breast. Gradually, it can also blowout to other parts of the body through blood and lymph vessels. The breast has three main parts lobules that produce milk, ducts are the tubes that carry milk, and connective tissue holds everything together.
Most breast tumor starts in the ducts, which is why it is called ductal cancers. Tumor in lobules is known as lobules cancer. It's important to know that not all breast lumps are cancerous. Some are non-cancerous but with abnormal growth. But they do not spread outside the breast and are not life-threatening. That's why it's advisable to consult with a doctor once you notice signs of breast cancer.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Throughout October, various science forums, healthcare providers, clinics, cancer institute, etc. circulate information through different informational pamphlets and educational programs to give information about breast cancer symptoms. Though symptoms may vary from female to female, some most common warning signs are:
- Swelling, redness or pain in one or both breasts
- Increase size or change in the shape of the breast
- Changes in the color of nipples
- Inverted nipple
- Fluid discharge from nipples
- Lumps felt inside the breast
To learn and get more and more information about symptoms. Visit a doctor for a complete examination and consult that whatever you notice is a cause of concern.
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Causes of Breast Cancer
Researchers have identified some factors that may cause breast cancer. But still, there are cases where women out of these causes are diagnosed with cancer. So, here are some breast cancer causes:
- Females are more likely to develop breast cancer than men
- Inherited mutated genes such as gene 1 (BRCA 1) and gene 2 (BRCA 2) increase the risk
- One breast is already affected then it increased the risk of developing cancer in the other breast
- Radiation treatments also cause cancer
- Obesity also increases the chances of breast cancer
- Mensuration or menopause at a very early or older age can develop cancer
- Late pregnancy can also cause cancer amongst female
- Consumption of alcohol also put women at high risk of developing a tumor in the breast
- Women who take hormone replacement therapy are at higher risk.
Treatment of Breast Cancer
The more the breast cancer has spread, the more treatment a woman will likely need. But the treatment options depend on the signs of breast cancer, the patient's physical condition, and breast cancer stages. Below are the treatment options that you can read.
- Mastectomy: It is part of breast care treatment. It is a surgery that surgeons recommend after analyzing the stage of cancer. Under this whole affected breast is removed. So that it also lessens the chances of spreading cancer in another breast or rest of the body.
- Breast-Conserving Surgery: Under this treatment, only the affected part of the breast is removed with surgery. The goal of this surgery is to remove cancer and only surrounding normal tissue and conserve the rest parts of the breast.
- Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy recommends by the oncologists after surgery. The need for radiation depends on whether cancer has spread only in the breast or other parts of the body as well. Patients can get either one or a combination of different types of radiations. The high-energy rays use in the treatment help to destroy cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy: In chemotherapy anti-cancer drugs injected into the body to destroys cancer cells after surgery. Not all women require chemotherapy. It can be done before and after the surgery as recommended by the oncologists. Before surgery, doctors try to shrink the tumor with the help of anti-cancer drugs. So that surgery will become less complicated. After surgery, it is used to kill the cancer cells that might be left behind after surgery.
- Hormone Therapy: It is a form of systemic therapy and useful for the treatment of breast cancer that is affected by hormones in the blood. Breast cancer cells(ER-Positive and PR Positive) have receptors that are attached to estrogen, that grow cancer cells in the breast. In this treatment, the drug reaches cancer cells in the entire body. This is used after surgery to reduce the risk of cancer coming back.
- Immunotherapy: Here, oncologists use medicines to stimulate the patient's immune system to diagnose and destroy cancer cells. Under this treatment, antibodies design to attack the cancer cell. These days it has become a vital breast cancer treatment.
Prevention of Breast Cancer
One ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. Doctors say that breast cancer prevention always starts with a healthy lifestyle. On the occasion of the Breast Cancer Awareness Month, read the below points prevention tips and understand how you can lower breast cancer risk:
- Limit your alcohol consumption and don’t smoke
- Control your weight gain with a healthy diet and exercise
- Start breastfeeding, the longer you feed your child the greater the chances of being protective
- Avoid exposure to radiation and pollution
- Prevent post-menopausal hormone therapy
- Breast cancer screening with mammography also saves lives
- Genetic counseling and check your family history.
- Close observation to look at early signs.
How is Breast Cancer Awareness Month Celebrated?
Every woman's life is essential, and this particular month inspires hope and becomes a force for good to access the best healthcare she needs. Read below how people celebrate it:
- Different public service announcements remind women about the importance of self-examination, mammograms, breast cancer causes, and breast cancer treatment.
- Several non-profit organizations, NGOs, business entities, corporates, hospitals, clinics, and government agencies organize awareness events, health fairs, chat shows, and fundraising programs.
- Health charities and individuals also organized chat shows, conferences, or webinars with health experts to teach them how to cope with anxiety and stress during the treatment. Also, encourage them to come forward to save their lives from breast cancer.
- Lots of awareness programs, TV commercials, radio jingles get on AIR to educate people, not only women, about early detection and breast cancer treatment. Some organization also includes use promotional material, broachers, educational material, clinical programs, and organize even free health checkups for females. The main motive behind Breast Cancer Awareness month is to encourage women to do self-checkup, know breast cancer causes, and prevent breast cancer.
How has Coronavirus Impacted Women With Breast Cancer in India?
According to the National Cancer Registry Programme report, India-1 in 29 females have breast cancer in the country, and the survival rate is still 66%. However, if we talk about how coronavirus impacted women with breast cancer in India, results are dreadful. Read below:
- Breast cancer treatments include chemotherapy, targeted therapies, and immunotherapy that weaken the patient's immune system. The novel coronavirus can easily catch people who have a weak immune system.
- Many hospitals slowdown there other clinical services, including cancer treatment, to provide primary care to the infected people. Consequently, thousands of women are deprived of cancer screening or facing delays in surgeries for breast cancer treatment.
- The shortage of cancer treatment medication due to a halt on imports is also creating trouble for cancer patients in India. The prices of the medicines used to treat breast cancer are soaring these days.
- In the recent report, the WHO stated that it is the most common cancer in women in India and accounts for 14% of all concerns amongst women.
- India's incidence rates begin to rise in the early 30's and peak at ages 50-64 years. Below are the estimated past and future trends in total cases per year for breast cancer:
These days there is an alarming increase in breast cancer cases. One has to be mentally strong to fight breast cancer. But at the same time, staying prepared financially is like half the battle won. Here Care Cancer Mediclaim can be your financial savior. Our cancer mediclaim insurance offers lifelong cancer care at a very affordable premium. We cover all stages of cancer and provide cashless cancer treatment. Where life is unpredictable, buy cancer mediclaim today and protect your tomorrow.