A Guide to Diabetes Care: Types, Symptoms, Causes and Treatment
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Being diagnosed with Diabetes is a moment that brings mixed feelings – that of surprise, disbelief, and worry. Living with Diabetes comes with many challenges. It involves a lot of dietary restrictions, strict calorie count and constant monitoring of blood sugar levels.
Complications from diabetes may arise and thus sufficient care must be taken to prevent them. Investing in Health Insurance for Diabetes is a sensible solution for managing the cost burden of medical treatments.
Sometimes, people may be clueless about the early signs of Diabetes which they may be exhibiting, particularly those who do not have a family history of the disease. Also, terms like pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes may be confusing initially.
So, here is a complete guide on Diabetes and its management.
Commonly, the disease is classified under the following categories:
Pre-diabetes or borderline diabetes is a medical condition where the blood glucose levels are higher than normal limits but not that high to be classified into Diabetes.
Diabetes is a chronic health condition associated with a high level of glucose in the blood and urine. You must see a doctor if your body shows the following symptoms:
In the long run, the condition of high glucose levels leads to form complications related to vital organs of the body such as the heart, kidney, eye, nervous system, etc. Some of the problems include:
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system works against the body, attacking the insulin-generating cells in the pancreas. The cause of this type of diabetes could be genetic or environmental factors.
Type-2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by insulin resistance where the body is unable to utilize it effectively. This condition is caused by a number of factors such as:
Firstly, a blood test is required to identify if you have diabetes and to know the levels of blood sugar in the body. The treatment would depend on the extent of your condition involving a mix of lifestyle modifications and medication.
Diabetes affects not just your physical health but your mental health as well. Hence, a holistic approach to managing diabetes is vital. It begins with a set of changes in one’s attitude and habits including:
As far as medication is concerned, Metformin is the first-line medicine prescribed for diabetic patients that significantly helps in lowering the blood sugar levels. In severe cases of diabetes, patients may require insulin injections. Inhaled-insulin drugs are also available and have become convenient for patients. Care must be taken to ensure that the sugar levels do not become extremely low - a condition called Hypoglycaemia – with symptoms like sweating, hands trembling, fatigue or fainting. In such a case, the patient must have some fast-acting sugary substances such as to control these effects.
Thanks to the technological advancement and availability of glucose monitoring devices, monitoring the rise or drop in one’s blood sugar levels have become easy.
While researchers are figuring out the cure for Diabetes, there is a lot of responsibility on the part of the person dealing with this chronic disease. It is amazing to see the determination that many people with Diabetes show when it comes to leading a disciplined lifestyle.
With self-care and constant monitoring combined with medication, one can lead a normal life. Engaging in frank conversations with your doctor, understanding how your body responds to treatment and creating a strategy for effectively managing your condition is of the utmost importance when dealing with diabetes.
When complications arise, it demands dedicated medical attention requiring medication or surgery. With rising costs of medical treatment, buying a diabetes insurance plan becomes necessary.
The burden of medical expenses become lighter if you pick customized health insurance plans such as Care Freedom by Care Health Insurance (Formerly Religare Health Insurance) that provides health cover for diabetes.