The Ultimate Guide to Organ Donation and Transplantation


The Ultimate Guide to Organ Donation and Transplantation

Although the lack of organs is a universal issue, Asia falls behind the rest of the world. And India is one of the Asian nations falling behind in organ transplants and donation. The problem is not a need for more available organs for transplant as almost everyone who passes away suddenly or in an accident might be a prospective donor, but the awareness is lacking massively.

In this article, we shed light on how organ transplants take place and the types of organ transplants. Read on to learn more about this topic.

What is Organ Transplant All About?

Organ transplantation (OT) is one of the most significant achievements in modern medicine. An organ transplant is when a carefully driven medical process replaces a damaged or missing organ after various tests. In this process, doctors replace the organ of the donee with the donor’s. The donor and donee must be in the same place, or the organ may need to be moved from the donor site to the donee site.

Organ transplant is sometimes the only option for people with chronic diseases at the final stage. However, OT is only possible if one has a multidisciplinary approach before the surgery is carried out. Also, medical science has made enormous advances over the years that have directly affected every facet of healthcare.

As per The Hindu, “India has witnessed a fast resurgence in organ transplant activities post COVID-19 and, for the first time, achieved more than 15,000 transplants a year in 2022.”

Organs and Tissues That Can be Transplanted

Organs and tissues that can be transplanted through different medical procedures are-

  • Lung
  • Intestine
  • Corneas
  • Middle ear
  • Liver
  • Kidney
  • Pancreas
  • Heart
  • Skin
  • BoneMarrow
  • Heart valves
  • Connective tissue

Types of Organ Transplants

There are 4 types of organ transplant processes that are administered with the donor and donee. They include-

Living Donation

In this type of donation, there is a list of people who are in need of organ transplants, and this process can take longer than expected. In addition, relatives and loved ones. Candidates for kidney and liver transplants from living donors frequently have the highest chance of receiving the finest organ much sooner, frequently in less time than a year. An organ and successful transplant can only give someone a new life, and this entire process should meet all the requirements specified under the human organ transplant act by GOI.

Deceased Donation

The selfless act is to give the gift of life and to save a life by signing up to be an organ, eye, and tissue donor. Deceased organ donation refers to the process of transplanting an organ, eye, or tissue after the donor has passed away. By providing organs after death, one donor's organs can potentially save up to eight lives.

Tissue donation

Donating organs like skin, bone, or heart valves can speed up the healing process and enhance the quality of life for the recipients. Through tissue donation, one individual may help 75 people, including burn patients, women undergoing breast reconstruction, athletes with damaged ligaments or tendons, and service members injured in battle. 

Pediatric donation

One of the four types of donations, pediatric donation, involves children with several complexities. With this donation, organ size is critical to long-term success as children are more responsive to child-sized organs; thus, this type of donation varies significantly from other types of donations.

Also Read: How to Make Health Insurance Premium Payment Online

Common Complications After Organ Transplant

One may go through the following complications after an organ transplant is carried out-

  • Kidney transplant is one of the common transplantations in India that also possess risks of rejection and infection. One may also experience a sleepy kidney as the body takes time to get adopted to an external organ.
  • Pneumonia and urine infection are the two common types of infection one may experience after the kidney transplant is carried out.
  • A noticeable change in vitals, such as high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure
  • Gastrointestinal issues are also common side effects of the medications that must be taken after surgery.

Although people who go through a transplant live a normal life, they can still possess some severe health risks if one has not taken good care and rest after the surgery has been administered. However, being prepared for potential complications can help the donee recover faster than the one who wasn’t prepared beforehand.

Does Health Insurance Offer Organ Donor Cover?

Care Health Insurance offers health insurance plans that offer organ donor coverage, making our plans unique in the market. However, you have to follow the following tips to secure a plan that covers you for an organ transplant in India-

  • Read the policy’s fine print carefully to understand the inclusions and exclusions of the product.
  • Check with network hospitals for a process that is carried out for organ transplants and quality medical care.
  • Check for other benefits such as cashless hospitalisation, annual health checks, and organ donor cover.


Given the increased prevalence of life-threatening illnesses, organ donor protection is essential. Our critical illness insurance coverage protects you financially by covering the costs of organ transplants. You may get quality healthcare at any of our 22,910+ cashless healthcare providers in India and enjoy a stress-free cashless treatment facility. 

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only: Policy Assurance and Claims at the underwriter's discretion.

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