Brain Hemorrhage: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

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Brain Hemorrhage: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

The mere mention of a brain haemorrhage can be incredibly frightening and anxiety-inducing. The dread and concerns associated with this condition stem from its potential severity and the critical role the brain plays in our daily lives. While the symptoms can create panic and anxiety for the individual as well as their loved ones, it is a medical emergency that needs immediate medical attention.

Read on as we discuss the reasons and causes of brain haemorrhage, the brain haemorrhage symptoms you should watch out for and also brain haemorrhage treatment.

What is Brain Haemorrhage?

Brain haemorrhage happens when bleeding occurs in the brain. Bleeding may happen in the brain tissues or between the tissue and the brain skull. It is an emergency medical condition and requires immediate treatment. A delay may lead to serious health complications or death.

Brain haemorrhage is also known as a brain bleed. There can be various causes of brain haemorrhage. The brain haemorrhage survival rate majorly depends on the initial treatment provided and the intensity of the haemorrhage. In this article, you will get to know all about brain haemorrhage, its causes and symptoms, and the brain haemorrhage treatment.

What causes Brain Haemorrhage?

A brain haemorrhage can occur due to an underlying condition and may also occur due to a sudden accident. Here are some of the common and known brain haemorrhage causes:

  • Falls
  • Car or bike accident
  • Head injuries as those in sports
  • Injuries due to assault or violence

Apart from accidents or injuries, brain haemorrhage can also occur due to other health problems. These may include:

High Blood Pressure

Hypertension is one of the common causes of brain haemorrhage. Keeping the high blood pressure under control is necessary to avoid further complications.

Brain Tumour

A brain tumour can be cancerous or non-cancerous. However, it may cause pressure on the brain tissues, which may lead to ruptures and brain bleeds.

Bleeding Disorder

Some people may suffer bleeding disorders that may also lead to brain bleed.

A Blood Clot

It may develop in the brain or travel to the brain from any other body part. It may cause the artery to burst and bleed.

A Brain Aneurysm

A condition when a weak spot in blood vessels ruptures.

Arteriovenous Malformations

It is a brain condition where arteries and veins get abnormally connected and leak.

Amyloid Angiopathy

A condition where the amyloid protein builds up in the artery walls.

Atherosclerosis

A condition when fatty deposits build up in the arteries.

Drugs

High-level drugs like cocaine or excessive use of tobacco and alcohol may also lead to brain damage.

Pregnancy Complications

Certain pregnancy conditions, like eclampsia, postpartum vasculopathy, etc., may also cause brain bleed.

Symptoms of Brain Haemorrhage

People may experience no signs and symptoms of haemorrhage until it happens. However, once there has been a condition of brain haemorrhage, the patient may experience brain haemorrhage symptoms, like:

  • Extremely severe headache
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Blurred vision, loss of vision, or double vision
  • Lethargic
  • Dizziness
  • Paralysis or muscle weakness on the side of the body
  • Difficulty in balancing the body
  • Tingling sensation in various muscles like the face, legs, or arms
  • Problem in speaking or slurred speech
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Confusion

These are some of the common brain haemorrhage symptoms. People may experience one or more of these, and it is extremely important to visit a doctor if any of these symptoms occur without a known reason.

>> Also Read: Is Brain Surgery Covered Under Your Health Insurance?

Diagnosis of Brain Haemorrhage

In order to understand what causes brain haemorrhage and the extent of the condition, the doctor will conduct an immediate diagnosis prior to beginning the treatment procedure. The diagnosis may include:

  • Physical examination of the patient
  • Examination of the symptoms explained by the patient
  • CT (Computed Tomography) scan
  • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
  • MRA (Magnetic Resonance Angiogram)
  • Chest X-ray
  • Electroencephalogram
  • Urinalysis 
  • Complete blood count analysis
  • Spinal tap.

Treatment for brain haemorrhage?

The brain haemorrhage treatment begins once the diagnosis is done. The brain haemorrhage recovery time highly depends on the treatment. So, beginning the treatment at the earliest is a must.

Initial Treatment

As a matter of initial treatment, the patient may be provided with sufficient oxygen to open the breathing airways. Along with this, the blood pressure level and blood circulation may also be managed.

Decompression

With the help of partial skull removal or complete opening of the skull, the blood is allowed to drain out of the brain. So, the decompression may be carried out immediately.

Craniotomy Surgery

In case of a cerebral aneurysm treatment, surgery may be carried out. A craniotomy surgery is done to seal or fill the aneurysm that has not yet ruptured. The brain haemorrhage surgery success rate may vary from one person to another.

Arteriovenous Malformation Surgery

A surgery is carried out to remove the arteriovenous malformation in case it has not ruptured yet. The surgery is done using computer-guided radiation and then the blood vessels are sealed off.

Medications

Not all brain haemorrhages may require surgery. Some may be prescribed certain medications like those to manage the blood pressure level. Anti-anxiety or ent-epileptic drugs may also be prescribed. Apart from these, medicines for stool management and headaches may also be given.

Safety Precautions against Brain Haemorrhage

Certain incidents that may cause brain haemorrhage may not always be avoidable. However, you can definitely stay cautious and take certain precautions to keep off the chances of brain haemorrhage occurring due to health issues. These may include:

  • A controlled blood pressure level
  • A healthy cholesterol level
  • A healthy weight
  • Stop smoking and alcohol intake
  • A healthy diet
  • Daily physical exercise
  • Controlled blood sugar level

What are the After-effects of a Brain Bleed?

Brain haemorrhage recovery time can be quite long for some people and usually depends on the extent of damage, the treatment received, and the overall health of the patient. Some of the after-effects of a brain bleed may include:

  • Weakness of muscles
  • Mental weakness for some time
  • Paralysis of one side or certain body parts
  • Loss of vision or other vision problems
  • Problem swallowing and eating properly
  • Speech problems like difficulty speaking, writing, or understanding what is written
  • Memory loss
  • Lack of judgment power of the brain
  • Seizures
  • Migraine
  • Emotional turbulences
  • Confusion
  • Headaches

With regular medications, as prescribed, one may gradually get better. However, initially, it requires the patient to be careful and family to help the patient recover fast.

Concluding Lines

Brain haemorrhage is a painful medical condition and may affect the person severely. So, the quicker you are in getting the initial medical attention, the higher the survival chance. One may also wonder what are the chances of surviving a brain bleed. Well, depending on the overall health problems and the treatment, the survival rate is dependent. Some people may not even make it to the initial bleeding and may pass away before receiving any medical aid. However, many people have recovered well after the hospitalisation process. Post-surgery care plays a major role in helping the patient recover.

In order to ease the process of medical care, you may invest in a health insurance plan. At Care Health Insurance, you get a range of options to choose from. In times of need, you need not panic. Care Health Insurance is there to help you receive the best medical facilities without having to pay for admissible medical charges.

We wish you good health and a long life!

Disclaimers: The above information is for reference purposes only: Policy Assurance and Claims at the underwriter's discretion.

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