The spinal cord is one of the most important parts of the human nervous system. It is a long structure of tissues that contains various cells and nerves. The spinal cord runs from your brainstem to the lower back, and the primary purpose of the spinal cord is to send messages from the brainstem to the rest of the body parts.
Some people tend to confuse spinal cord and vertebrae columns to be the same thing. There is, however, a difference. The vertebral column is the protective layer of bones that covers the spinal cord. In this article, we will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatment for various spinal cord injuries.
When there is a trauma or injury caused to the spinal cord, it is commonly referred to as spinal injury. Damages to the spinal cord can be quite dangerous and long-lasting. This is because it is the spinal cord nerves that let you feel pain and move limbs as per the message sent by your brain. If these nerves get injured, sensations and movements may become restricted or even numb.
For instance, spinal cord injury near or around the neck area may lead to severe paralysis. Different types of spinal cord injury may affect different body parts. In some severe cases, the spinal cord may even split and lose complete sensation.
The types of spinal cord injury depend on the severity of the accident/event and the affected body part. The two broad types of spinal cord injury are:
In a complete injury, the person may experience total loss of movement and sensation from the point below the injury. In such a situation, the complete body, that is, both sides of the body, may be affected and paralysed. The loss of sensation in the four limbs and lower back may be common in such situations.
Partial or incomplete spinal cord injury is when a certain part or side of the body is affected instead of the whole body. The brain is still in a condition to convey messages to the safe parts of the body via healthy spinal cord nerves.
There are various spinal cord injury causes. If you suffer any problem, it is important to seek the help of your doctor immediately to avoid any unnecessary complications. Some of the common spinal cord injury causes are:
Hence, sudden events of twisting, violence, or accidents are the primary causes of spinal injuries. To better understand the cause, a medical examination is a must.
A person suffering from spinal cord injury may experience various symptoms and extreme pain in some cases. The common spinal cord injury symptoms are as follows:
These are some of the common spinal cord injury symptoms that one may experience.
The spinal injury is essential to be medically diagnosed in order to receive the proper treatment. The common diagnosis methods for spinal cord injury include:
After the diagnosis process is done and the problem has been spotted, the spinal cord injury treatment will be carried out. These may include:
As a part of immediate medication, the injection of corticosteroid may be given to the patient within 8 hours of the injury. The injection helps reduce inflammation, improve blood flow, and also protect the functions of nerves.
In cases of serious spinal cord injury, surgery may be carried out to immediately treat the spinal injury.
In order to restore the functions of the body parts like the neck or back, certain tools may be advised. This may include neck collars to fix neck alignment or other braces.
The patient may also be advised bed rest for a certain period or physical rehabilitation. It helps restore the functionality of the spinal cord so that the person can start feeling like before.
Owing to the sensitivity and importance of the spinal cord, it is very important to stay safe from spinal cord injuries. There can be several types of spinal cord injuries as mentioned above. However, certain incidents may not be avoidable and may cause serious problems.
In such a situation, seeking immediate medical attention is the best decision.
Wait, there is more!
Let us warn you that spinal injuries may attract hefty medical costs. But this can be managed by planning your finances with comprehensive health insurance plans, such as Care Health Insurance.
And when you have best health insurance plans there for you, the burden of medical expenses will no longer be yours. Let Care Health Insurance do the needful for you.
We wish you a happy and healthy life!
>> Also Read: Cervical Pain: Types, Causes and Treatment
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Published on 21 Sep 2023
Published on 21 Sep 2023
Published on 21 Sep 2023
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