Know about 12 Vaccines and the Diseases They Prevent

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know about vaccines and the diseases they prevent

"Have you ever wondered why are vaccines always the talk of the town?

Or

What’s the role they perform?"

If you’re nodding your head to yes then this article is for curious people like you!

Vaccines are used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against several diseases. They are usually prepared from the conducive agent of a disease or a substitute, treated to act as an antigen without inducing the disease. Vaccines have prevented countless diseases and saved millions of lives over the years. Be it infants, children, adolescents, teens or adults, vaccines are available for several ailments depending on health conditions.

To learn more about diseases that immunizations/vaccinations can prevent, go through this article to get an overview of the types of vaccines for infectious diseases.

Types of Vaccines and the Diseases They Prevent

Below are the vaccines recommended and authorized by most government bodies and doctors to keep people safe from outbreaks in the future:

Diseases Vaccine

Chickenpox
Chickenpox is a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus. It leads to blister-like rashes, fatigue, itching, and fever.

Varicella vaccine, also named chickenpox vaccine, is a vaccine that gives protection against chickenpox. One dose of vaccine prevents 95% of moderate disease and 100% of severe disease.

Diphtheria
Diphtheria is a harmful infection caused by strains of bacteria called Corynebacterium diphtheriae. It is the toxin that makes people seriously sick.

Toxoid vaccine is one of the safest vaccines to protect against Diphtheria.

Flu (influenza)
Flu is a severe respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses that infect the throat and nose and attack the lungs. It causes mild to severe illness and may lead to hospitalization and death.

Nasovac-S Vaccine by Serum Institute is mostly recommended by doctors in India.

Hepatitis A
It is a liver-related disease caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV).

Biovac A Vaccine protects against Hepatitis A. It is effective in almost 95% of cases and lasts for at least twenty years and possibly a person's entire life.

Hepatitis B
It is a severe disease caused by a virus that directly attacks the liver. It can cause lifelong infection, cirrhosis of the liver, liver cancer, liver failure, and death.

Hepatitis B Vaccine is available under the brand names: Energix B, and Recombivax HB.

HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
The virus that causes HPV infection is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact.

Hib Conjugate Vaccine is recommended for the prevention of invasive disease caused by Haemophilus Influenze type b.

Measles
It is a contagious ailment caused by a virus and it spreads if the infected person coughs or sneezes. It starts with a cough, runny nose, red eyes, and fever, and then a rash of tiny, red spots breaks out.

Tresivac is for active immunization against Measles, Mumps and Rubella in children, adolescents and young adults at risk.

Meningococcal
This illness is often severe and can be deadly as it includes infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream.

Meningococcal conjugate vaccine gives protection against four types of meningococcal bacteria (called types A, C, W, and Y).

Mumps
It is an infectious viral disease causing swelling of the salivary glands in the face and risk of sterility in adult males.

MMR vaccine in a two-dose schedule is recommended to get protection against Mumps.

Polio (Poliomyelitis)
Polio is a disabling and potentially deadly disease caused by the poliovirus. It spreads from person to person and can infect a person’s spinal cord, causing paralysis.

Pulse Polio is the immunization campaign of oral polio vaccine to protect children against polio.

Tetanus (Lockjaw)
Tetanus is a potentially fatal bacterial infection affecting nerves.

Tetanus Vaccine is generally used to protect children and adults against tetanus (lockjaw).

Covid-19
This disease (COVID-19) is an infectious and contagious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. It can spread in small liquid particles from an infected person’s mouth or nose. These particles range from larger respiratory droplets to smaller aerosols.

Covieshield and Covaxin, the most trusted vaccines for the protection against Coronavirus.

We hope you get your answer here!

Vaccinations/immunizations reduce the risks of getting sick from disease by fighting with your body’s natural defences to build protection. When you get a vaccine, your immune system responds, and that’s how you get protection against several viruses that could also be life-threatening. Vaccines are also essential to control infectious disease outbreaks.

In a Nutshell

Immunizations are a fundamental part of primary health care and an absolute human right. It’s also one of the indispensable health investments that can’t be avoided. While it is necessary to get vaccinated, one should always be aware of getting comprehensive health insurance in place to get financial assistance for unforeseen medical emergencies. Care Health Insurance ensures you don't have to spend out of your pocket for hospitalization expenses and be financially burdened. So, make sure you are aware of the vaccinations that prevent critical illnesses and the importance of investing in health insurance.

Disclaimer: The above-mentioned information is for reference purposes only. Consult your doctor or health expert before deciding on any vaccination/immunization.



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