COVID- 19: Difference between Social Distancing, Quarantine, Isolation, Lockdown and Curfew


COVID- 19: Difference between Social Distancing, Quarantine, Isolation, Lockdown and Curfew

The COVID-19 outbreak has taken an ugly turn, even in India. The total number of confirmed cases is near about 1190, and the death toll has risen to 29. Corona crisis bound the government to take the necessary step to curtail the transmission in the country.

>> Check: Coronavirus Health Insurance

These days you must be hearing the terms like social distancing, quarantine, isolation, lockdown, and curfew. Read below the difference between these terms:

Social Distancing

Social distancing means to avoid large social gatherings. It can be parties, weddings, religious ceremonies, etc. The government has asked citizens to support social distancing and stay at home.

For social distancing, you should neither invite any guest to your place nor should you go to any body’s house.

You should take steps to limit meeting the number of people you come into close contact with. It is a big step to limit the spread of COVID-19 in the country.


It means staying alone for at least 14 days. Citizens who come close to novel coronavirus infected people but still not tested positive or recently returned from traveling to a part of the corona infected countries are at risk. In such a situation the government instructed them for quarantine for infected countries are at risk. In such a situation the government instructed them for quarantine for two weeks. It is enough time to know whether they will get infected. In this way, people who are virus suspects cannot step out and lessen the risk of transmission.

>> Check: Tips to Safeguard your Mental and Physical Health during Quarantine


Isolation kept at hospitals for the people who test positive with COVID-19. It is a place where only medical staff deployed for Corona treatment is allowed to enter.

They keep a check and monitor the health conditions of the patients. Attendants and common people are not allowed to enter in Corona isolation ward in the hospital.

However, if you recently traveled from the infected countries, then you can also go for self-isolation for at least 14 days as a precaution.

>> Check: How Exercise, Yoga, and Self-Care Helps During Coronavirus Isolation?


Lockdown is an emergency protocol that stops people from moving out of their homes for a specified period. You cannot enter or exit from your building or society.

The government only allows the essential supplies, grocery stores, pharmacies, and banks to continue so that citizens do not face any sort of scarcity while they lockdown in their homes. All non-essential activities like malls, cinema halls, gyms, public transportation, and religious places remain closed.

It has enforced by the government to break the chain of its transmission.

>> Check: 5 Precautionary Steps to Combat Coronavirus


A curfew is again a forceful situation that keeps citizens off the streets and roads for a stipulated time. During the curfew, all the local markets, malls, hotels, restaurants, cinema halls, parties, social and religious gatherings are closed.

In India, Section 144 of the Criminal Procedure Code (CrPC) of 1973 supports Curfew. Under this section, people are not allowed to stand in a group or more than 4 persons in one place. Any violation of protocol during curfew results in fine or arrest.

Disclaimer: The above information is for reference purposes only. Please refer to the government new advisory for more details.

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