Are you planning an international trip to Singapore? If yes, then, you are certainly going to experience the magic of this remarkable tourist destination located in Southeast Asia. The magic emanates from its rich culture, delectable cuisines, amazing wildlife and high-tech infrastructure.
However, before you start your trip, do remember to safeguard your travel budget by opting for travel insurance for Singapore. A travel plan for international trips is advisable as medical emergencies can occur anytime; for instance, the coronavirus outbreak has alarmed the entire world.
Every country has its specific vaccination requirements that foreign travellers should comply with. Vaccines give protection against diseases.
The Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and World Health Organisation (WHO) recommend vaccinations for international travellers visiting Singapore.
Here’s a guide for those travelling to Singapore:
Vaccines for Singapore Trip
Here’s a list of mandatory vaccines for Singapore trip:
- Hepatitis A: This is a contagious disease that spreads through food & water and contact with an infected person. Vaccine for this Hepatitis A is recommended for most of the travellers.
- Hepatitis B: Hepatitis B spreads through blood and body fluids. Vaccine for this disease is required for those travelling to specific regions in the country.
- Yellow Fever: Yellow Fever vaccination is needed for tourists are coming from a country having risk of transmission of this disease. The disease is transmitted by a species of mosquito. Travellers with age 1 year or above require a yellow fever vaccination certificate if they are coming from countries with yellow fever risk. The certificate is also mandatory for travellers who have transited for over 12 hours through an airport of any country with risks of yellow fever transmission.
- Typhoid: This disease occurs by consuming food or water contaminated with a certain bacterium called Salmonella Typhi. For most travellers visiting the country, especially rural areas, the CDC recommends vaccination.
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- Pneumonia: It is an airborne disease that causes lung infection especially in people with the weak immune system. Two vaccinations are given separately. All 65+ or those with an impaired immune system should receive both the vaccines.
- Influenza: It is a flu caused by the influenza virus and spreads through the air. The vaccine components change, annually.
- Rabies: Rabies spreads through infected animals especially bats. The CDC recommends rabies vaccination for specific groups like long-term travellers, adventure travellers or people who would be working in wildlife areas or around bats.
- Japanese Encephalitis: Japanese encephalitis is a brain infection caused by a virus and spread through a mosquito. The vaccine is recommended based on itinerary and activities, especially recurrent travellers and those on short and extended-stay.
- Meningitis: An airborne disease-causing inflammation in the brain and occurs by viral and bacterial infections. Unvaccinated individuals and people with greater risk like students are given this vaccination.
- Polio: An infectious disease caused by a virus, polio spreads through water and food. Routine vaccination considered for most travel itineraries.
- Measles Mumps and rubella (MMR): They are caused due to various factors. A vaccine is given to anyone born after the year 1957 or unvaccinated.
- Chickenpox: It is a contagious airborne infection and also spreads through direct contact. It is given to anyone who is unvaccinated and did not have the infection.
- Tdap (Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis): They are life-threatening bacterial diseases that spread through wounds and airborne transmission. The vaccine includes one adult booster of pertussis.
- Shingles: A viral infection which spreads through direct contact. Vaccination is given to anyone including those who have had shingles.
Some Health Tips to Follow
- Speak to your doctor at least 6 weeks before your trip starts
- Find out if there is a restriction on any medicine you are carrying
- Ensure safety when consuming food and water
- Take care to avoid contact with animals
- Prevent mosquito-bites that can cause dengue and chikungunya
- Safeguard yourself from air pollution