Dual Citizenship: Benefits, Drawbacks, and Does India Allow Dual Citizenship?


Dual Citizenship: Benefits, Drawbacks, and Does India Allow Dual Citizenship?

Did you know? According to the Immigrant Invest, around 49% of the world’s countries allow their citizens to simultaneously hold nationalities of two countries.

Countries such as Turkey, Spain, and the US allow their individuals to have passports and nationality rights of two different countries. On the other hand, countries such as India ask you to give up your nationality rights to apply for a passport of a different nationality.

Why is that so? Why can’t you simultaneously have nationality rights for India and any other country, you may wonder. Well, read on to understand what is dual citizenship, the benefits of dual citizenship, and why nations allow/ prohibit dual citizenship.

What is Dual Citizenship?

Dual Citizenship is a nationality status that makes an individual a citizen of two countries. If you hold dual citizenship for Germany and Australia, you get the nationality rights for both countries. You can vote for both countries, apply for work or studies in both countries without a work/study permit and live a normal life without having to follow foreign paperwork.

While there are multiple benefits to cite about dual citizenship, there are equally gruesome drawbacks. One such drawback of dual citizenship is a complex legal status. Additionally, an individual can attain a dual passport if the two countries have signed a legal pact and abide by the citizenship regulations.

What are the Benefits of Having Dual Citizenship?

Below are a few benefits a dual passport holder can avail of.

  • Vast travel opportunities: Dual citizenship opens doors for vast travel opportunities across the globe! Various countries have visa-free access to various countries. Having two passports can provide visa-free access to multiple destinations.
  • Political Rights: Individuals with dual citizenship can avail themselves of the right to vote and stand in both countries' elections.
  • Business Opportunities: With dual citizenship, you can establish a business and work with both countries. Borders will never be a barrier to your work or study-related aspirations.
  • Medical Facilities: You do not have to follow lengthy visa procedures amidst medical emergencies if you have dual citizenship. You can avail of medical facilities in both countries.

Read on to understand the drawbacks of a dual-citizenship country that come along with the above-mentioned benefits.


What are the Drawbacks of Dual Citizenship?

Although Dual Citizenship opens doors for seamless opportunities in all walks of life, there are certain drawbacks to having two passports. Read on to understand.

  • Restriction to Government Opportunities: Certain government jobs are restricted for dual passport holders. Suppose you hold dual citizenship in the US and Italy. Then, in such a case, you can not apply for a government job that involves sharing confidential information with you.
  • Dual Tax Obligations: Having a passport of two countries makes it mandatory for you to fulfil the tax obligations of both countries regardless of whether you are living in the country or not.
  • Complex Law Obligations: You must follow different legal obligations in both countries as a dual passport holder. Sometimes, bipartite may also have complex separate laws under certain circumstances.
  • Complex Process of Obtaining Citizenship: Obtaining dual citizenship is a complex, expensive, and time-consuming process. The two countries you wish to apply for should have signed pacts, and you should fulfil the eligibility requirements to apply for dual citizenship.

Now that we have enlisted the benefits and drawbacks of dual citizenship keep reading through to get the list of countries that allow dual citizenship.

List of Countries That Allow Dual Citizenship

Below is a list of countries that allow dual citizenship to their citizens, according to Immigrant Invest.

Albania Chile Ghana Lithuania
Algeria Colombia Greece Luxembourg
American Samoa Comoros Grenade Macau
Angola Republic of Congo Guatemala Macedonia
Antigua & Barbuda Costa Rica Guinea-Bissau Mali
Argentina Ivory Coast Haiti Malta
Australia Croatia Honduras Mauritius
Armenia Cyprus Hong kong Mexico
Barbados Czech Republic Hungary Moldova
Belgium Denmark Iceland Namibia
Belize Djibouti Iraq Nauru
Benin Dominica Ireland New Zealand
Bolivia East Timor Israel Nicaragua
Bosnia & Herzegovina Ecuador Italy Niger
Brazil Egypt Jamaica Nigeria
Bulgaria El Salvador Jordan Pakistan
Burkina Faso Equatorial Guinea Kenya Panama
Burundi Fiji South Korea Papua New Guinea
Cambodia Finland Kosovo Paraguay
Canada France Kyrgyzstan Peru
Cape Verde The Gambia Latvia Philipinnes
Central African Republic Germany Lebanon Poland
Portugal Scotland South Sudan Taiwan
Romania Serbia Spain Tajikistan
Russia Seychelles Sri Lanka Thailand
Saint Kitts & Nevis Sierra Leone Sudan Tibet
Saint Lucia Slovenia Sweden Tonga
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Somalia Switzerland Trinidad & Tobago
Samoa Somalia Syria Tunisia
Turkey Uganda United Kingdom United States
Uruguay Vatican City Venezuela British Virgin Islands
Vietnam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe

Note: The list of countries may vary from time to time. Please refer to the official sources of respective countries for the latest updates.

Does India Allow Dual Citizenship?

To apply for foreign citizenship, you may have to give up on your citizenship of India as the Indian constitution does not allow you to apply for dual citizenship.

The Indian constitution has instructed citizens to surrender their passports to the nearest police stations when they receive another country’s nationality. Not doing so may be considered a punishable offence under the Passport Act 1967.

Summing It Up

As simple as the term may sound, dual citizenship is a complex process of acquiring dual nationality rights. Although you cannot apply for dual citizenship being an Indian citizen, you can still explore horizons by applying for visitors visa.

While applying for a visa, don’t forget to purchase travel insurance to secure your overseas stay against unforeseen crises.

Secure your foreign trip with online travel insurance from Care Health Insurance to ensure comprehensive coverage amidst medical and non-medical emergencies. Care’s International Travel Insurance also ensures coverage against modern-day problems such as bail bonds, liability caused to third parties, accidental loss, etc.

Disclaimer: All plan features, benefits, coverage, and claims underwriting are subject to policy terms and conditions. Kindly refer to the brochure, sales prospectus, and policy documents carefully.

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Q. Do all countries allow dual citizenship?

Only 49% of the world’s countries allow dual citizenship. Even out of these countries, there are countries such as Cambodia, Hong Kong, Bulgaria, etc., that provide dual citizenship to citizens only by descent. Suppose you are an ethnic Bulgarian seeking citizenship in any other country in such a case, you can apply for dual citizenship. However, if you are not an ethnic Bulgarian, you may have to relinquish your citizenship to apply for dual citizenship with Bulgaria.

Q. Which countries don’t allow dual citizenship?

According to Immigrant Invest, countries such as India, China, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Bahrain, Mongolia, etc., restrict their citizens from owning dual citizenship to date. If you have citizenship in one such country and you wish to apply for a second passport, you may have to give up on your nationality in these countries.

Q. What is the easiest way to get dual citizenship?

You can get dual citizenship by naturalisation, origin, and/ or investment.

Suppose you live in a country for a very long time. Then, you can get citizenship in the country by naturalisation. Certain countries have the provision of citizenship by descent. Here, you can get citizenship in a country if you can prove your ancestors were from the country. Another way to acquire dual citizenship is by investing in a business or land in a foreign land.

Q. What are the easiest countries to get dual citizenship?

Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts and Nevis, and St. Lucia are a few countries that offer the easiest methods of obtaining citizenship. You can obtain citizenship in these countries by simply investing in a few local businesses of the countries.


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